Book Review: Robert Mager’s “Preparing Instructional Objectives”

book reveiw Book Review: Robert Mager’s Preparing Instructional ObjectivesWe just finished reading Robert Mager’s Preparing Instructional Objectives, the classic book on learning objectives that’s also part of the six-book collection, The Mager Six Pack. (Yes, we bought the whole six pack, and you’ll be seeing book reviews about all of them over time).

Mager’s Learning Objectives

The book begins by explaining what a learning objective is (“an objective tells what the learner will be able to perform as a result of some learning experience”) and then lists three things a learning objective should include (a performance, conditions, and criteria).

This three-part learning objective, including something that the learner should be able to perform, the conditions under which the learner should be able to complete the performance, and the criteria by which the performance is judged, is typically known as Mager’s Performance-Based Learning Objective, Mager’s Behavioral Learning Objective, or Mager’s Three-Part Learning Objective.  For more information about this, check our article on Mager’s learning objectives.


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Robert Mager’s Performance-Based Learning Objectives

performance based learning objectives Robert Magers Performance Based Learning ObjectivesYou don’t have to read up on learning objectives for too long before you run into the name of Robert Mager and hear about his performance-based learning objectives. There are also sometimes called three-part learning objectives or behavioral learning objectives.

Mager outlines his theory about the best way to create learning objectives in his classic book Preparing Instructional Objectives. You can read our review of Preparing Instructional Objectives if you’re interested, and we highly recommend reading the book, which is informative, quick, and fun.

Otherwise, here’s the crux of what Mager has to say, below.


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OSHA Recordkeeping and Reporting Forms

osha recordkeeping post OSHA Recordkeeping and Reporting FormsThere have been a number of changes that have to do with OSHA’s injury and illness recordkeeping and reporting forms and requirements. And on top of that, there are some deadlines and new “effective dates” coming up.

The injury and illness reporting forms themselves–301, 300, and 300A-were a lot to know about.

And keeping track of the new requirements for recordkeeping, reporting, and online reporting just add to that.

So in this post, we’ll take a look at:

  • What’s reportable and what’s not
  • Who has to report and who doesn’t
  • OSHA’s recordkeeping and reporting forms for injuries and illnesses (forms 301, 300, and 300A)
  • OSHA’s new online reporting and injury requirements for some employers
  • Effective dates for the new requirements
  • Deadlines for reporting

Hopefully this will make everything a little easier to understand for you.

Need help with your safety training program at work? We’ve got e-learning safety courses and learning managements systems (LMSs) for various industries, company sizes, and needs. Contact us to learn how we can help you.


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ANSI Z490.1 Sections 1, 2, and 3: A Brief Overview

ASNI Z490.1 post2 ANSI Z490.1 Sections 1, 2, and 3: A Brief OverviewIn a recent post, we introduced ANSI Z490.1 and gave a quick overview of it and its seven sections.

ANSI Z490.1 is important because it’s the national standard that lists criteria for accepted practices in safety, health, and environmental training. So if EHS training is part of your job responsibilities, it is definitely worth your time to get to know ANSI Z490.1.

So we’ve decided to write a series of blog posts that provide more detailed overviews of the various sections of ANSI Z490.1. In this post, we’ll give you an overview of what’s covered in Sections 1, 2, and 3. These are smaller sections so we’re going to handle them in one post. Sections 4-7 will each get their own individual post. And then once we’re done, we’ll create a single blog post that compiles everything we’ve written. And if we get especially productive, we’ll create a downloadable ANSI Z490.1 Compliance Guide for you at that point too.

But for now, let’s turn our attention to Sections 1, 2, and 3.

Need help with your safety training program at work? We’ve got e-learning safety courses and learning managements systems (LMSs) for various industries, company sizes, and needs. Contact us to learn how we can help you.


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What Is a JHA (the Job Hazard Analysis)?

JHA blogpost What Is a JHA (the Job Hazard Analysis)?Not that long ago, I read an extended discussion in a LinkedIn group titled “What is a JHA?”

The discussion included safety experts from all over the world and lots of interesting thoughts. What it didn’t include was a common understanding of what a JHA is. So, leaning on some materials from our friends at OSHA as our primary source, we thought we’d introduce the concept here and provide an explanation that is acceptable and based on OSHA’s definitions and requirements.

Did you know that Convergence Training has a full-length JHA e-learning course? Check it out along with the other titles in our safety training e-learning library and our learning management systems for assigning, tracking, and storing records of completed training. Or contact us for a demo.

What is a JHA (Job Hazard Analysis)?

According to OSHA’s definition, a JHA is “a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur.” So, the basic idea is that you:

  • break a job down into the various tasks it involves
  • identify hazards associated with each task

According to OSHA again, the JHA “focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.”

Note: In the Comments section below, blog reader “Paul” notes that OSHA could have written their description of the JHA a little more smoothly, and we agree. The goal of the JHA isn’t to identify hazards before they occur–it’s to identify (and correct) hazards before they do harm. We’re sure that’s what OSHA meant above.


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OSHA Glossary of Terms: 10 Interactive OSHA Glossaries

glossary graphic OSHA Glossary of Terms: 10 Interactive OSHA Glossaries In the past, we’ve published 10 different blog posts, with each post including a fully interactive, web-based OSHA glossary of terms including the terms and definitions included in an OSHA standard.

Those were so popular, we figured we’d put all 10 together into one post for you. Just scroll down and let your eyes travel over all ten. Nice, huh?

What OSHA glossary of terms (and standards) are included? From top to bottom, we’ve got the following for your viewing pleasure:

  • Fall Prevention and Protection, 1926.501
  • Hazard Communication 2012 /GHS, 1910-1200
  • Scaffolds, 1926.451
  • Respiratory Protection, 1910.134
  • Ladders, 1926.1053
  • Machine Guarding Glossary, 1910.212
  • Powered Industrial Trucks, 1910.178
  • Electrical—Wiring Methods, 1910.305
  • Lockout/Tagout (Control of Hazardous Energy), 1910.147
  • Electrical-General Requirements, 1910.303

Why did we pick these 10 standards? Because they’re on OSHA’s Top Ten Most Cited Violations list.

Need any help with your safety training program at work? Convergence Training makes a line of learning management systems (LMSs), e-learning safety courses, and more. Check ‘em out or contact us for a demo.


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How to Chunk Training Materials

chunking graphic blog1 How to Chunk Training MaterialsIf you want to know how to create more effective training materials, you need to know how to chunk training materials. And YES, chunking is the accepted term in the field, even if it does sound a bit strange.

Chunking is the process of breaking down instructional materials into smaller, “bite-sized” pieces and then arranging them in a sequence that makes it easier for your learners to learn the material.

In this post, we’ll:

  • Explain the four steps necessary for a person to remember something
  • Explain why limits of the working memory cause us to use chunking
  • Explain what chunking is
  • Give tips for chunk length for novice and expert learners
  • Give tips for organizing the chunks in your training materials
  • Provide some sources and useful resources for chunking

But, before we do all that, we’re going to take a step back and explain why you should care about this.

Need some help with your training program? Check out the learning management systems (LMSs) and e-learning courses from Convergence Training, or contact us for a demo.


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Free Avoid the Flu Training Course

flu season Free Avoid the Flu Training CourseIf it’s fall and/or winter, it’s flu season.

Knowing what the flu is, how to avoid it, and what to do when you have it can help you and the people around you stay healthy and limit sick time at work. So, we’ve created this free avoid the flu training course that covers the basics about the flu.

The course is based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Hope this helps.

Need more information from Convergence Training about any training need? Drop us a line. (more…)

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Ebola at the Workplace: Some Helpful Guidances and Resources from OSHA and Others

ebola Ebola at the Workplace: Some Helpful Guidances and Resources from OSHA and OthersBy now, you’re no doubt aware that the Ebola epidemic has spread past Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and a small number of other west-African nations and has reached nations in other continents, including the United States.

Given that, it’s a good idea to learn more about the Ebola virus and have a plan at your workplace in case the virus continues to spread.

OSHA Resources about Ebola

In response to recent events, OSHA’s created a Safety and Health Topic website that provides a lot of helpful information about Ebola, including some aspects specifically related to the workplace. We recommend checking it out.

There are a large number of helpful resources on that OSHA site, but a few we found especially interesting are:


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OSHA’s New Injury and Illness Online Reporting Requirement: A Sneak Peek

OSHA OSHAs New Injury and Illness Online Reporting Requirement: A Sneak PeekOSHA’s been busy making changes to the requirements for injury and illness record keeping and reporting.

In this post, we’re going to give you a screen-by-screen overview of a mock-up that OSHA created for their new injury and illness online reporting website.

If you’re in a hurry, scroll down until you see the first screen grabs. Otherwise, let’s take a short moment to review the recordkeeping and reporting changes first.

Recordkeeping Changes

On the recordkeeping front, there are changes that affect:

  • Who is required to keep records
  • Who is exempt from recordkeeping requirements

These changes are covered in this recent Convergence Training blog post and at this webpage from OSHA.

Reporting Changes

On the reporting front, there have been changes that affect:

  • What must be reported
  • How reporting will occur (specifically, there’s now an online component)

Again, you can read more about these changes in this recent Convergence Training blog post and at this webpage from OSHA.

Need an LMSEHS training courses, or other help with your safety training program? Contact Convergence Training to learn more.


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