Not that long ago, we wrote a blog post titled What Is a JHA? That post was such a big hit we’ve created this second post. It walks you though the steps of performing a JHA, and even includes a free downloadable guide to performing JHAs at the bottom.
This guide for performing a JHA incorporates suggestions made in OSHA’s Job Hazard Analysis booklet (OSHA 3071, revised in 2002). We think you’ll find it useful when you perform JHAs at your worksite.
How Can I Get Started With a JHA?
Before you begin the JHA for a specific job, do the following.
Get your employees involved.
Safety works best when management and employees are both involved. That’s true of the JHA process as well. Remember, it’s their job, and they probably know it better than you do. This will also help you get their buy-in for this process and for safety in general. Plus, two sets of eyes (or more) are always better than one.
Review your history of injuries, illnesses, near misses, and machine/tool damage.
Go over your written records of injuries, illnesses, near-misses, and incidents that have required machine/tool replacement or repair. Then, get feedback from your employees, asking if there are things that have occurred but are not in the records. (Make it clear you’re trying to make work conditions safer, not punish anyone because something hasn’t been reported.)
Ask your employees which hazards exist in their work area.
Ask your employees if they’re aware of hazards in their work area. Write them down–you can use this list later when you’re performing the JHA.
Note: If a serious hazard comes to light at this point, stop what’s you’re doing and correct the problem before you continue with the JHA process.
Create a list that prioritizes the jobs for which you’ll perform a JHA.
It’s great if you do a JHA for every job, but you should do JHAs for the jobs with the highest risks first. Take the information you’ve already gathered and prioritize the order in which you’ll perform the JHAs.
With these steps down, you’re now ready to complete the formal JHA process, described below.